Richard Cantillon’s Early Monetary Views?
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The monetary theories in Philip Cantillon’s The Analysis of Trade (1759) differ in important respects from those found in Richard Cantillon’s much more famous Essai sur la nature de Commerce en général (1759). Contrary to the received opinion that the Analysis was a poor translation of the Essai, it is argued in this paper that many of these differences are due to the fact that Philip based his book on an earlier draft of his cousin’s great work. Comparisons between the two texts allow us to assess, for the first time, how Richard Cantillon’s developed his ideas on the quantity theory of money, the price-specie-flow mechanism and the determination of the interest rate.