Popperian Hayek or Hayekian Popper?
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Friedrich Hayek was a fervent advocate of the methodological specificity of the social sciences. However, given his contact with Karl Popper, several historians and philosophers have characterized his final position as Popperian, that is, a position that would have accepted the unity of the scientific method. A closer look to Hayek’s philosophy and Popper’s own intellectual course shows that such a thesis is based on some misconceptions that can be overcome by taking the Hayekian concept of “spontaneous order” as the foundation of a methodology immune to any kind of methodological monism and Popper’s late works that reveal a loosening of his defense of methodological unity.